Stephen Hawking’s predictions in 2010 on colonizing Mars
Professor Hawking was a theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was the director of research at the University of Cambridge’s Centre for Theoretical Cosmology before he passed away. His incredible work included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity, and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology, explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. But he also spent his career tussling with religious views.
In his final book Brief Answers to Big Questions, Prof Hawking concluded there was “no possibility” of a God.
He wrote: “I think the universe was spontaneously created out of nothing, according to the laws of science.
“If you accept, as I do, that the laws of nature are fixed, then it doesn’t take long to ask ‘what role is there for God?'”
His theory had been moulded over the years.
Prof Hawking was a vocal supporter of the Big Bang theory — the idea that the universe exploded suddenly out of an ultra-dense singularity smaller than an atom.
Stephen Hawking shared his views on God (Image: GETTY)
A young Stephen Hawking (Image: GETTY)
To Prof Hawking and many like-minded scientists, the combined laws of gravity, relativity, quantum physics and a few other rules could explain everything that ever happened or ever will happen in our known universe.
However, the genius noted that “you could say the laws are the work of God, but that is more a definition of God than a proof of his existence”.
In 2007, Prof Hawking described himself as “not religious in the normal sense”.
He added: “I believe the universe is governed by the laws of science.
“The laws may have been decreed by God, but God does not intervene to break the laws.”
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The Big Bang theory is prominent among scientists (Image: GETTY)
In 2010, Pope Benedict XVI seemed to refer to Hawking, saying, “Scientists do not create the world, they learn about it and attempt to imitate it.”
Prof Hawking visited the Vatican numerous times due to his involvement in the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, which fosters “interaction between faith and reason and encouraging dialogue between science and spiritual, cultural, philosophical and religious values”.
He gave a talk on The Origin of the Universe in 2016 where he met with religious leaders, including Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis.
Prof Hawking cleared up his view – stating that a God was not necessary to spark the Big Bang.
He and co-author Leonard Mlodinow put forward in their book 2010, The Grand Design, that the Big Bang was inevitable.
Pope Benedict appeared to question Hawking (Image: GETTY)
It reads: “Because there is a law such as gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing.
“Spontaneous creation is the reason there is something rather than nothing, why the universe exists, why we exist. It is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper and set the universe going.”
However, he did not completely rule out the possibility of the Almighty at the time.
When discussing the book, he told ABC News: “One can’t prove that God doesn’t exist.
“But science makes God unnecessary. The laws of physics can explain the universe without the need for a creator.”
He also detailed his thoughts on a possible afterlife, stating: “I believe the simplest explanation is, there is no God.
Prof Hawking said the universe could have made itself out of nothing (Image: GETTY)
“No one created the universe and no one directs our fate.
“This leads me to a profound realisation that there probably is no heaven and no afterlife either.
“We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe and for that, I am extremely grateful.”
In 2014, Professor Hawking gave an interview with El Mundo, where he appeared to explain why so many people follow a religion.
He then declared himself an outright atheist.
He said: “Before we understand science, it is natural to believe that God created the universe.
“But now science offers a more convincing explanation.
“What I meant by ‘we would know the mind of God’ is, we would know everything that God would know, if there were a God, which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.”